Every child is unique and learns at his/her own pace. However, most educational experts agree that some certain skills are essential to prepare for kindergarten, do well at school and develop knowledge further. What are the skills and concepts that children should know before entering kindergarten? How to assess if your child is ready for school?
Our team of developmental specialists prepared a list of developmental and academic things your child should know before starting school. Don’t panic if some skills have not been well-developed. Take your time. These skills cannot be taught all at once or overnight. Get your patience ready. Teach these things in smaller blocks. Repetition over months works great. Try not to pressure your child.
You will also help your child develop and master these skills by going places, doing interesting activities, and discussing these experiences. Play games, encourage interaction with other children, inspire role playing. Read to and with your child daily!
Don’t forget to praise your learner’s efforts and curiosity. Criticism can discourage kids from trying new things and lower their confidence. Make preparing for kindergarten an exciting journey for your child and entire family!
Social skills your child should have:
- Express himself verbally.
- Can be away from parents for 7 hours.
- Use restroom independently.
- Take off and put on outer clothing.
- Clean up after himself.
- Care for his own belongings.
- Be pleasant and cooperative.
- Be able to solve problems and conflicts verbally, without aggression.
- Identify other kids by names.
- Share with other children.
- Take turns.
- Recognize authority.
- Sit quietly and listen.
- Respect the rights, property and feelings of others.
- Be able to listen and follow 2-3 step directions.
- Follow rules and routines.
- Ask for help if needed.
Motor skills your child should have:
- Jump and hop.
- Walk up and down the stairs.
- Walk backward for a few feet.
- Stand on one foot 5-10 seconds.
- Bounce, kick, throw and catch a ball.
- Clap hands.
- Button and zip clothes.
- Build with blocks.
- Grasp a pencil or crayon with 3 fingers.
- Complete simple puzzles.
- Handle scissors correctly.
- Cut and draw simple shapes.
- Color beyond scribbles.
- Use a glue stick appropriately.
- Hold a book and turn pages.
- Use a tissue to wipe his nose.
Language and reading skills your child should have:
- State his first and last name when asked.
- Speak clearly enough to be understood.
- Follow 1-2 step oral directions.
- Look at books or pictures on his own.
- Write his first name with first letter upper case and remaining letters lower case.
- Know all the letters in his first name.
- Say or sing alphabet.
- Make most letter/sound matches.
- Identify most upper and lower case letters.
- Be able to rhyme words.
- Remember pictures from a printed page.
- Repeat a 6 to 8 word sentence.
- Tell stories about everyday experiences.
- Answer questions about a short story.
- Tell a story looking at pictures.
- Put events of a story in order or sequence 3 pictures to complete a line of events.
- Know some nursery rhymes.
- Understand the book print: front and back of book, where is the first page, track words left to right.
- Say his parents’ full names (at least one).
Math skills your child should have:
- Recognize basic colors: red, blue, green, yellow, orange, purple, black, white, brown, and pink.
- Identify basic shapes: circle, triangle, square/rectangle, star, heart.
- Recognize numbers 0-10.
- Count to 20.
- Write numbers 1-5.
- Count objects to 10.
- Sort by color, shape, and size.
- Compare the size of groups of objects using language such as “more, “less and “same as.
Concepts your child should understand: